>>> Good evening.
I'm Jose Cardenas.
We'll talk to the new Phoenix city councilwoman elect for district 8 about her plans for her term in office and learn about services helping promote strong family environment.
All next on Horizonte.
>>> Funding for Horizonte made possible by contributions by the friends of 8.
Members of your Arizona PBS station.
>>> Thank you for joining us.
Economic development strategist Kate Gallego defeated reverend Warren Stewart in a contentious race that first went to vote nears late August and then ended in a runoff election in November.
She is the first woman to represent district 8.
Thanks for being here.
Don't want to spend much time on the campaign because it's over.
You're the councilwoman elect, but there was so much of a focus on whether the district should be represented by somebody who was African-American.
It didn't seem like there was much discussion or seemed to be drowned out of some of the issues.
Tell us about the issues that you didn't think got covered enough because of this focus on the race question.
>> My background is in economic development.
District 8 is enormously important for people.
It's one of our major economic engines and has the potential to offer so much more.
District 8 is home to the airport, railyard, many of the areas near downtown Phoenix that have the potential to grow.
We have a very small downtown in comparison to other cities of our size.
Very few people living in the downtown area again in comparison to other cities of our size.
I think it's important that we have that core.
Young people really look to downtowns when they first finish their studies.
They like being around other young people, things to do, great arts and culture.
Downtowns are such an important incubator of great ideas, of entrepreneurs, so many young people when they decide where to live first look for what city to live in before they apply for jobs.
We want to make sure that all our boast and brightest stay here because it has so much to offer.
I'm very excited about the potential of continuing the progress we have made in downtown and reinvesting in some areas like the warehouse district, which is a hot bed of entrepreneurs.
Has already come up with many of our great technology companies as well as some of the arts progress that's been happening.
>> let's talk about the district itself.
I want to talk about your background, then some of the issues that are fashioning not only this district but the city of Phoenix.
What you see is your priorities.
Physically if somebody looks at a map of the district it looks like a J, a chunk of downtown, then it goes east then west, out to Levine? >> Yes.
It goes to 48th and Osborne, goes to include the airport area, downtown basically east of 3rd street, so the baseball stadium is within the boundaries of district 8.
It heads toward south mountain.
It's mostly south of baseline.
>> people who view it as south Phoenix, that's incorrect.
>> That is incorrect.
Council machine Georgetown son developed the I love 8 slogan.
You have to call it district 8.
There's no other way to describe it that's accurate.
People in Levine do not identify as being residents of south Phoenix.
People in Green gables along Thomas do not think of themselves in south Phoenix.
>> it's geographically and ethnically diverse as well.
>> an enormously diverse district.
>> You have 20 languages spoken? >> More than 20 languages.
It has the area around the airport which includes many of our refugee populations.
It has the best Ethiopian food in Phoenix in district 8.
It has the Chinese cultural center, very diverse Asian populations.
It's the best dining as well in Phoenix.
>> you made several references in your opening remarks to the warehouse district.
For those people not familiar with that how would you describe it? >> If you have been to the baseball stadium you know there's the rail tracks right there.
We had many historic warehouses in that area, centers for industries like produce and many of those buildings have been preserved and are seeing new uses.
>> it's very much an area in transition.
>> transition to what? >> An area that has a lot of history and many important areas including post 41 of the American legion, which is very important to the Latino community.
It also has many Tech companies and we just learned that ASU school of fine arts is going to be bringing in about half its program.
>> You got other arts activities going on.
>> People know Bentley galleries and other institutions in the area.
>> There's a lot of — I want to talk about that, but what do you see as the most pressing issues? >> Well, I think economic development is still top of mind for so many people in district 8.
People are still hurting.
There's a lot of people who speak to me, say I did everything right, I got my degree, I have been working hard and I still can't find a good job to take care of my family.
There's a lot of concern people in district 8 don't get their fair share of investment from the city of Phoenix.
When they are attracting new employers or deciding where to butt the next dog park district 8 isn't as high on the list as it should be.
>> tell us about yourself.
>> I have have a background in economic development.
I work at the salt river project, helping businesses that want to grow in Phoenix or to locate in Phoenix from elsewhere.
Particularly power and water are an important part of their decision to come to Phoenix.
That's true of many technology companies.
>> Let's talk about what you'll be doing when you join the council in January.
Some of the issues that have — the council has been dealing with, various stages of resolution.
Pension spiking, the food tax.
Where are you on those issues? >> On pension spiking I think it's ridiculous if your cell phone bill is becoming part of the calculation of what your pension should be.
I have never made six figures, so people making that in a pension seems unsustainable.
>> are you going to get rid of the compromise that seems to have been reached? >> I think we need to address it when we negotiate the labor contracts to make sure if you're taking something away from employees it's part of a comprehensive negotiation.
We're not changing the bill midway through.
>> What about the food tax? >> I supported the compromise which will end the food tax.
It's very regressive to tax food.
Food is enormously important and we have many people including in district 8 for whom it really does make a difference in their daily — >> You've talked about the activities that are going to be your primary focus, some of your priorities, one of them being the reinvestment I think you put it in south mountain park.
The extension of light-rail.
>> what can you do in those areas? >> Right now light-rail does not serve south Phoenix and it has some of the most transit dependent areas of the city, so people who don't have a car and who use mass transportation to get to work, we need to make sure as a city when we do our long term planning we think about light-rail and if we can do things like get more people living along the corridor that will help us become more competitive for federal funding because they really want to help people get to work.
They want to invest in areas where the light-rail will have the most impact from an economic development potential from an environmental impact as well from really helping people who don't have alternatives.
>> Let's talk about the Phoenix city council you'll be a part of.
In many ways you're literally changing the look of the council.
You're the first woman from district 8, you're the second democratic woman.
This will be a majority — I realize council is nonpartisan but majority of Democrats.
How does all that come together? What do you see going forward in terms of what this council can do over the next several years? >> I think it's an exciting time for the city of Phoenix.
We have been leading on a variety of issues whether it be serving our veterans, to becoming a more sustainable desert city.
We have a lot of potential.
In general we have a council who sees eye to eye on most issues.
I come from the democratic side of the spectrum but have had great conversations with my Republican colleagues about things like economic development, the airport is in the district, and a lot of people have said we need more international ties so if we can have things like regular flights to Asia that will really help our economy as well as theirs and support economic development.
On those issues I found across the spectrum the city council sees eye to eye.
>> you expect a fair amount of collaboration? >> I do think so.
I think there will be hot button social issues where we'll see a lot of headlines, but on most of the sub tans are — substance we see eye to eye.
>> thank you so much for joining us.
Again, congratulations on your election.
>> Great to be with you.
>>> Horizonte has closed the gap when it comes to understanding the differences between Latino issues and Arizona issues.
More and more there is no separation.
They are one and the same.
Much like our center, does it to educate the public on why everyone needs to understand Latino issues, Horizonte has done the same thing.
The value is in the education that comes to public awareness about public policy and key Arizona issues, many of which focus on Latino challenges and issues.
This has been a great ten years and I think it has furthered the discussion.
I think it's been a great tool for understanding Arizona, especially at times when Arizona gets a little backwards, a little crazy, a little wacky, it's nice that we can discuss issues in a very civil manner, respectful manner, regardless of what political positions or policy positions we have.
It's an important forum to sit down, talk about the issues, move the conversation forward, let's have resolution to some difficult problems and challenges.
>> I think we really talk about what we imagined kids needing in Brophy and what that might look like if they are ten years old in fifth grade.
More than anything we look for kids and families that were committed.
We often extend the school day and school year so our kids are there ten hours a day and 11 months a year.
We knew that would require a lot of dedication on part of students and their families.
>> it was in this tiny room that Angela and her family spent days and nights Sass help underwent chemotherapy.
Their daughter seriously, the family feeling as thought walls were caving in on them.
After Angela's death her family decided they never wanted another family to feel that same agony, so through the help of donations, several rooms were transformed into Angela's Amigo room.
>> the hospital has grown and this has grown with them.
My vision is to go ahead and continue opening up these rooms for the family of need.
Again, it's all about family.
I believe if you go through some of the negatives of life you fight it as a unit.
That's what the rooms are all about.
>> At the state level what would you say were the issues you dealt with in Congress that most impacted Arizona? >> Well, certainly issues dealing with trade.
I was very proud to play a part in the North American trade agreement.
That opened up an economic relationship between the United States and Mexico, between Arizona and Mexico, that we had never experienced before.
Increased the amount of trade, amount of people coming across the border, has been enormous since that time.
>>> The Mariposa land port of entry in Nogales, Arizona, was built in 1976 with two private vehicle lanes and one commercial truck lane.
Originally it saw a low volume of traffic but is that changed over the years.
It's the third busiest land port of entry.
As Laura Palmisano reports, it's getting a facelift.
>> It means pressure and faster and more business coming to Arizona.
It means basically looking at eliminating wait times at the old, outdated infrastructure and making things move through our port much faster.
More than 4 billion pounds of Mexican produce enter the United States through Nogales each year.
The fruits and vegetables cross through the Mariposa land port of entry that's under construction.
They estimate the value is about $3 billion annually.
It sees about 1300 commercial trucks a day during the peak winter season.
Produce industry officials say despite the additional lanes at the port commercial truck drivers still face long wait times.
>> Right now during the construction phase we still face some of the delays we faced before just because of staffing shortages.
You still have waits of one to two hours at the worst during the very peak part of the day, peak part of the season.
>> The fresh produce association represents U.
companies that import produce from Mexico and distributors that ship them across the globe.
The mayor pose port is the primary port of entry for produce entering the country.
Renovations include doubling capacity for commercial vehicles by adding four new lanes and tripling the capacity for private vehicles by adding eight new lanes.
It has a price tag of $187 million.
>> it will bring more employment for sure.
More officers at the port.
>> The mayor of Nogales sees the upgrades as a good thing.
>> Another thing that it will bring is employment with warehousing for the distribution part of it.
There's a lot of positive things, just that we have to make sure we plan right.
>> during construction at the port wait times for pedestrians and noncommercial vehicles have been reduced.
>> you can go across into Mexico right now and come back within 10 or 15 minutes.
Not an hour like you used to.
The cars are being reduced to half an hour.
It depends the peak time of the day.
If the staffing is done properly and we have the staffing needed at the port the flow of traffic coming from Mexico going south and north, because we also have inspection going south, will reduce.
>> The mayor pose port has remained open during construction.
Additional lanes are already open too.
The renovations call for the demolition of outdated facilities at the port there are new inspection areas and a new commercial inspection dock is being built.
Customs and border protection says it should be fully operational by the end of the year.
Mountains ahead of the 2014 completion date.
>> the final construction when G.
turns over the facilities will be August of 2014.
>> He says renovations at the port will translate to faster delivery.
>> It's going to be better for produce because it means the supply chain is more predictable, faster, it's getting to the warehouses, if it p.
today it p.
today and get to stores and consumers much faster.
>> Chicanos por la causa parenting Arizona promotes strong and thriving families through parents education, multi-cultural family support and community collaboration.
Joining me to talk about CPLC Arizona is Julie rose.
Give me a quick history.
>> Parenting Arizona was taken over by what's really acquired by CPLC in 2004.
Prior to that it was parents anonymous.
Since then we have been working to incorporate ourselves in other parts of the state and make a huge difference for families.
>> I understand it's been around for 34 years.
>> That's right.
We have a long history.
We have been around since 1977 but part of La Familia since 2004.
>> You are the executive director.
>> give us a sense for the geographic areas that are served by parenting Arizona.
>> Parenting Arizona serves a lot of the state.
We're in tuba city, Winslow, Flagstaff, and many cities up in the Navajo nation.
Caliente, Guanado, fort defiance, window rock, Chinle.
We also go out east to Holbrooke and Joe city.
In Maricopa County, about half of our business and we go all the way from globe to Wickenburg.
It's a very large part of the state.
>> We talk about business.
How many families do you serve? >> Every year we touch up to 30,000 families including our direct care and our outreach.
In terms of the actual individual families that we provide comprehensive services to, it's 5,000 families a year.
>> What kind of resources to do you have to provide those services? >> We do four types of services.
One is home visitation and up in the Navajo nation we go into the homes and deliver prevention programs, predominantly we teach three things: The importance of positive parenting, the importance of early childhood knowledge, and the third one is the importance of literacy.
We really are trying to get kids to really learn to read.
We do those three services in four different settings.
One is the home visitation, the other setting is community based.
We deliver classes at different types of libraries, domestic violence shelters, homeless shelters.
We do it at fresh start, all over the valley with different collaborators.
So there we're teaching the class to the parents and the community.
We little have resource centers in the school and in the community.
We have one in Guadaloupe, four in Flagstaff, one in loop, Arizona.
Those resource centers have the exact same mission.
Child development, knowledge, positive parenting and early childhood literacy to prevent child abuse from going on.
>> That's ultimately the goal.
We want to do two things.
One is to give families the tools they need to really have healthy, thriving children that are ready to read when they start kindergarten.
The reason that this is so important is that if we have readers by third grade their high school graduation rate is very high and then they will move to college.
That third grade reading level determines so many factors in a child's life.
Our job is to really get them ready to read when they start kindergarten, but if they are not prepared by kindergarten they are for the going to hit the benchmark of third grade which means their chances of high school graduation drops dramatically.
>>> In terms of the importance of the work you do to prevent child abuse, you and I talked off camera about a recent fatality report that really illustrates the need.
Every year the state of Arizona produces a fatality report that identifies every single child that died in the state of Arizona.
CPLC parenting Arizona is interested on the section that talks about deaths related to mall treatment.
Mall treatment is a death that can be preventible and that happens as a result of murder, really.
Some type of neglect or if you will just a fatality.
>> Most of these by parents, sadly.
>> is that the saddest part of the whole report.
A lot of times when people think about child abuse they think it's the boy friend, it's the uncle, someone else.
We know for a fact that 87% of all fatalities in 2012 were at the hands of biological parents.
60% were the mother, 27% were the father.
These are the actual biological parents of the child.
That's why the work that we do is so important.
We're giving these parents the tools that they need to really make a dramatic shift in the way that they are parenting.
A lot of times parents learn to parent from their parents and if they grew up in poverty with substance abuse, with domestic violence that becomes so ingrained in their brain that they think that's normal.
So our job is to intervene with high risk families to really turn that around and give them the tools that they need.
>> You touched on some of the problems.
Substance abuse is one of them.
You mentioned that in the past.
How do you deal with those issues? >> One of the things that we do is we continually educate the parents on the importance of child development knowledge.
If they know that when they need it then their expectations will be realistic.
We make a lot of referrals.
We work with partners that address the substance abuse, the domestic violence.
Our scope is giving them the tools that they need to raise healthy kids that are ready to learn.
That's what we do through those five or six methods I mentioned earlier.
>> talk about funding.
It's a big issue now with problems at CPS.
How big is your budget? >> We have about a 3.
2 million dollar annual operating budget that covers all the services.
With that money we have 50 team members that are providing services to these 30,000 families across the state of Arizona.
In addition to that we also have 69 volunteers that help promote the mission and that work with us to really advance the cause.
About half of our funding comes from first things first.
We're very grateful for the funding that they have been able to offer us.
This is tobacco revenue.
They are initiatives that were votary proved in 2006 and has done a fantastic job making an enormous difference in early childhood education.
The other half of our funding I would say comes from the DES, the state of Arizona.
They fund our services.
The services that they fund are also prevention services but some are treatment services where we work with families who have already been involved in CPS.
The bulk of it, however, is really preventing abuse from occurring.
That's the main thing that we do.
The funding is definitely something that is constantly at risk because prevention programs are the first to be cut.
In 2008 there was a very large financial crisis in Arizona and our programs were slashed in half in 24 hours.
I couldn't believe it.
I remember being on the phone all day.
>> you have since recovered.
>> We have.
>> speaking of funding, we have to wrap up the interview, it's that time of the year when another important source of funding is available, tax credits.
Arizona is lucky to have a working poor tax credit.
This year for the first time ever folks can contribute to a qualifying charity which CPLC parenting Arizona is a qualifying charity.
You don't have to itemize.
That's the best part about the working poor tax credit.
An individual can donate $200.
A married couple can donate $400.
>> On that note we have to wrap up.
Hopefully we'll generate a lot of donations.
>> I appreciate it.
>>> On a sad note, Reuben Hernandez passed away earlier this month from stroke complications.
We was a journalist, poet and arts activist.
Had was laid to rest earlier this week.
He was a frequent guest on Horizonte and he will be greatly missed.
>>> That's our show for tonight.
From all of us at Horizonte, I'm Jose Cardenas.
Have a good evening.
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